What are the latest trend in front-end technology ?

The year 2019 is here, and now is the best time to observe the frontend trends that are unfolding in the world of web development. In this article, we are going to distinguish the main trends in web technologies and latest trend in front-end technology.

Advanced new platforms means new responsive design approaches

A lot of new tech is coming to the market and that means things are about to change. New technologies are only just showing their first applications but development in 2019 will set the stage for the coming years.

Responsive design will no longer be restricted to ‘mobile-first’ or mobile responsiveness only. There are already a plethora of other devices, screens and integrated wearable gadgets like Apple watch, Google Glass and Oculus Rift which are some of the most talked about technologies.

These technologies continue to grow in popularity. In addition to these, Semantic UI is a new design framework from last year that continues to be in demand.

Internet of Things (IoT) will have a huge impact

The Internet of Things has taken app development to a new level. According to Technavio, IoT will grow by 31.72% (CAGR) between 2015 and 2019.

By linking smart objects to the internet, IoT enables the exchange of data that was never possible before.

As more and more devices are being connected and accessible to the network, we’ll find web developers coming up with upgraded solutions to help users control and communicate with their everyday gadgets and equipment.

Browser based IDEs

Odds are that you have your own favorite development environment. Maybe you fell in love with VIM years ago or you’re an IntelliJ fanatic. That’s going to change soon as more and more people are starting to use cloud-based versions of IDEs.

They’re fast and they’re accessible, and some of them have a huge community behind them. Flexibility is key here, and while you may not use these tools full time, it’s definitely good to know that they’re available if you want to do a quick test of a bootstrap code of Jade without having to download a single file.

Full-screen navigation design

Full-screen navigation design is a feature that improves the user experience on mobile devices. Let’s say a user is navigating a website on his mobile phone and he comes across a registration form. As he taps on the registration form, the form jumps to a full-screen size enabling the user to fill out the form in a more natural way.

More and more web developers and designers are developing sites for full-screen navigation designs and this trend is going to continue.

Foundation for Apps

Foundation for Apps is an upcoming single page app framework which is built around AngularJS and the flexbox grid framework. This framework enables quick and easy responsive web app creation facilitating developers to quickly start writing code that’s unique to the application.

Introduced only in late 2014, the potential of Foundation for Apps, with its positioning capabilities and clean code, has yet to be discovered used. We will surely see a lot of companies using this advanced responsive front-end framework coming years.

Real-time everything

Next Year will see a rise in new apps that work in real-time. Real-time analytics is rapidly finding its implementation in desktop and mobile apps. Similarly, live streaming will also become increasingly important in the social media marketing world with apps like Periscope and Meerkat gaining prominence. Real-time is just about to break out.

Blocking of advertisements on sites

Across the world, website owners are losing money to advertisement-blocking plugins. In one year alone, UK ad blocking grew by 82% and reached 12 million active users. This affected the earnings of not only the smaller sites that depend on advertising revenues but also the big media publishers.

In 2019, websites will do their best to minimize the effect of ad blocking. A number of techniques will emerge that will neglect the effect of ad-blocking plugins. You can also expect the sites to come up with innovative and persuasive ways of showing advertisements to their users.

The AR and VR hardware war is on!

2016 was a breakthrough year for Virtual Reality and Augmented Reality. On the VR side, big-name hardware like the Oculus Rift, HTC Vive and Playstation VR all hit the marketplace, bringing with them a flood of content and clever implementations that had early adopters evangelizing about the exciting new technology. On the AR side, the worldwide hit Pokémon Go brought Augmented Reality into the mainstream, setting App Store records in the process.

If you want to start learning AR/VR development, I have good news and bad news. The good news is, you can start experimenting with the platforms for free. There are plugins available for Unreal Engine 4 and Unity that can help you get started with AR, the AR revolution will not live up to its initial hype for the first 3–5 years, so you have plenty of time to learn. You can start by practicing with VR. I think you’ll find AR tracking capabilities using these options disappointing for a few years.

Keep a eye on Aframe, it has potential to gain a lot of attraction in Virtual Reality space. I know some of you are thinking that you can use JavaScript with Unity, but that’s not really true. While Unity’s scripting language does have `.js`file extensions, the similarity doesn’t go much deeper. Unity’s “JS” is really UnityScript, and while it’s superficially similar, it’s a very different language that doesn’t implement any version of the JavaScript specification.

Security everywhere

Mobile is becoming more and more prevalent and this can have its own downsides. Mobile is becoming a focal point of security breaches and a lot of effort will be put into making sure apps are as secure as they can be.

The computer vision power of the browser

The last couple of years have seen major developments in the things you can do inside your browser. With various frameworks (such as tracking.js) and new binary formats (like WebAssembly) emerging on the market, JavaScript has become the de-facto language of the browser.

It remains to be seen which JavaScript frameworks and tools will go mainstream in 2019. Keep an eye on Angular 4ReactJS and Vuejs. Between these three frameworks, here is a nice article on what to expect. But one thing’s for sure: JavaScript is here to stay. And it will keep its role as one of the most popular programming languages in 2019